Newsletter of the District
- June 2004
with Idolatrous Rites
By Cornelia R. Ferreira
It was a triumphant
day for paganism. Simon Cardinal Lourdusamy had reached the zenith
of his career of Hinduizing the Catholic Church, whilst his opponent,
the late Indian Resistance leader Victor Kulanday, was resoundingly
defeated. It was October 19th, 2003, and in front of an audience
of millions (courtesy of television), Mother Teresa of Calcutta
was allegedly beatified in a Hinduized papal Mass in St. Peter’s
The seeds of
this false worship were sown back in 1969 by the Catholic Bishops’
Conference of India and the chairman of its Liturgy Commission,
Archbishop Lourdusamy of Bangalore. Their subversion of the Faith
in India is exposed in Kulanday’s book, The Paganization of the
Church in India.1
the name of inculturation, and with much subterfuge, Lourdusamy
incorporated twelve Hindu gestures and rituals into the Sacrifice
of the Mass, thus effectively Hinduizing it. Yet, since the pantheistic
hodgepodge was termed “Indianization” instead of “Hinduization,”
and a means of “adapting the Indian peoples’ own way of expressing
reverence and worship to God the Father and to Our Lord Jesus Christ,”
it received Vatican approval within ten days.
In 1963, Vatican
II’s Sacrosanctum Concilium (nos. 37-40) approved inculturated
liturgies, but the Tridentine Mass could not be paganized because
Latin, as noted by Pius XII, was “an effective safeguard against
the corruption of true doctrine.”2
Inculturation must involve the language of a particular culture.
On April 3rd, 1969, Pope Paul VI, disregarding previous magisterial
condemnations of Mass in the vernacular as “easily productive of
many evils,”3 promulgated
Novus Ordo Mass. Twelve days later, on April 15th, Archbishop Lourdusamy
personally performed the Hinduized “Mass,” with its occult mantras
and idolatrous rituals, for Vatican officials, including Freemason
Father (later Archbishop) Annibale Bugnini. It was Bugnini, then-Secretary
of the Consilium and main architect of the Novus Ordo Mass, who
illegally approved the “Twelve Points” on April 25th.4
India had taken the lead in the syncretization of the Church.
Theology of Inculturation
was rapidly expanded to all aspects of the Church in India — its
theology, spiritual life and moral teachings — to produce an Indian
Catholic Church. Kulanday describes the intense indoctrination of
priests, religious and laity by Lourdusamy, his brother, Fr. D.
S. Amalorpavadass, Director of the bishops’ National Biblical, Catechetical
and Liturgical Centre (founded by Lourdusamy5),
and their disciples. They taught that Christ is present, though
hidden, in Hinduism. Hence, He has blessed Hinduism, so all its
superstition can be grafted onto Catholicism.6
and his wife Daisy founded a newspaper and the All India Laity Congress
to expose the paganization and defend the Faith, which they did
for about two decades. A petition against inculturation signed by
more than 7,000 Catholics was ignored by the Bishops’ Conference,
so a Congress delegation went to Rome in 1984 to petition Pope John
Paul to stop the paganization. They had documented the Hindu nature
of the Twelve Points, the illegality of their approval, and the
exodus of disgusted Catholics to Pentecostalism. Yet Rome also did
nothing, although Kulanday was a prominent Catholic who had officially
represented the Holy See at international meetings.7
Pope John Paul
elevated Lourdusamy to Cardinal in 1985 and appointed him Prefect
of the Congregation for Oriental Churches. Yet Kulanday still believed
Lourdasamy and his allies could not fool Rome for ever, and Pope
John Paul would “do the right thing to save the Church in India.”8
approval for the Hinduization and syncretization of the Church
was growing, thanks to the consciousnessraising Federation of Asian
Bishops’ Conferences, founded in 1970 and supported by Paul VI and
John Paul II. Cardinal Lourdusamy observes that FABC publications,
the fruit of its many seminars, “have had considerable influence
in the thinking of non-Asian episcopal conferences.”
goal is inculturation and the formation of national churches independent
of Rome. It developed a “theology of inculturation” rooted in the
heresy of universal salvation. It teaches that inculturation means
one must adopt the spiritual rites of indigenous religions,
i.e., their “popular expressions of faith and piety,” because the
“seeds of the Gospel have been planted in [them] previous to evangelization.”
“If the church is truly to be a ‘sign [not the means] of
salvation,’ it needs to be local, for it will only communicate God’s
saving love when it ceases to be structured, governed and symbolized
in a foreign way.”9
was further able to spread his ideas by serving as Prefect for Oriental
Churches and as Secretary of the Congregation for Evangelization
of Peoples, and as a member of numerous Curial bodies. At the Asian
Bishops’ Synod in 1998, in the presence of the Pope, he opined,
“If Christianity in Asia is to take root and bear fruit, inculturation
is a necessity. But inculturation must begin with the roots and
not with the branches.” The Church in Asia “needs to listen to what
the Spirit is saying to her through faiths other than Christian,
where the ‘seeds of the Word ... lie hidden.’” The Church in Asia
must “inculturate the faith to allow Christ to be reborn and reveal
His Asian face....”10
Man in the Vatican
But for a Mass
incorporating pagan rites to be accepted by the whole Church,
it would require a papal “imprimatur.” For this, the Hinduizers
needed a man in the Vatican, and they found him: the Pope’s Master
of Ceremonies since 1987, Archbishop Piero Marini. His credentials
for actually Hinduizing a papal Mass would stem from his
being personal secretary to Archbishop Bugnini,11
the prelate who gave Lourdusamy permission to Hinduize the Mass
Marini is Bugnini’s
protégé. According to Inside the Vatican,12
Bugnini personally recruited him from a small-town seminary to continue
his ordination studies at St. Anselm Liturgical Institute in Rome.
Immediately after ordination in 1965, Marini entered the Curia and
was “involved in implementing” Vatican II’s liturgical revolution.
Marini is personally
responsible for “creative” papal Masses. He does not seem to see
the Mass as the Sacrifice of Calvary re-enacted by Jesus
— i.e., God — Himself. He sees it as a “celebration” planned “with
a view toward the result one wants to obtain.” The celebration is
“acting upon a stage. Liturgy is also a show.”13
Unfortunately, “[m]ore people have watched Masses planned by Marini
than by any other liturgist in the world, which gives him enormous
power to shape the public idea of what Catholic worship is all about.”14Undoubtedly,
the Holy Father enjoys Marini’s confections because he consecrated
him bishop in 1998 and archbishop in October 2003.
inculturation, as defined by the Asian Bishops, means using the
popular means of expression of indigenous religions. Marini thanks
Vatican II and the Pope’s travels for aiding the cause of liturgical
inculturation. He makes the novel claim that native dances express
the “universal” character of papal liturgies.15
Nationalistic liturgies, however, not only fracture the unity and
true universality of the Church’s worship, but they also introduce
the element of paganism.
step in paganization was to get “liturgical” dance into the Mass.
But the Sacred Congregation for Divine Worship, with Bugnini as
Prefect, had said the following in 1975:
never constituted an essential part in the official liturgy of the
Latin Church. If local Churches have introduced the dance, at times
even in the temples, this was on occasion of feasts in order to
show feelings of jubilation and devotion. But the dance always took
place outside the liturgical actions.16
Conciliar decisions have often condemned the religious dance, as
not befitting worship, and also because it could degenerate into
disorders ... hence, it is not possible to introduce something of
that sort in the liturgical celebration; it would mean bringing
into the liturgy one of the most desacralized and desacralizing
elements; and this would mean the same as introducing an atmosphere
an implicit imprimatur for profanity has been given by papal Masses
featuring dancing. For Marini, inculturation means integrating the
music, language and physical movement of a certain culture or religion,18
so native dance has become de rigueur, not only “outside
the liturgical actions,” but also during Mass. Once the profanity
was explained away as a culture’s “expression of jubilation” on
special occasions (like papal visits), then dance as an element
of pagan rites could be introduced without anyone suspecting
their true significance.
The dry run
for Mother Teresa’s beatification was the Pope’s Mass in New Delhi
in November 1999. Secular news reports stated the event was “laced
with Hindu [not Indian] symbolism” and involved “traditional
Indeed, with papal approval, the podium, altar, decorations, vestments,
the Mass, and speeches were all linked to Diwali, the Hindu “Festival
of Lights” being celebrated that day. According to Father Ignatius,
an organizer, the theme of the service was Diwali.
drawn between Christ, the Light of the World, and this pagan feast20
whose major aspect is the worship of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth.
(There is heavy gambling at this time.)
wealth, the goddess also brings the spiritual wealth of occult
“inner illumination” and “self-enlightenment” into the darkness
of spiritual ignorance, and this light is symbolized by the lit
clay lamps that give the feast its name. Hindus worship light
as the symbol of inner consciousness or knowledge, and they worship
this knowledge as “the Supreme Lord,” the god within,
the greatest form of wealth. Thus, “all auspicious ceremonies commence
with the lighting of the lamp.”21
So the papal Mass began with five people lighting an oil lamp.22
with this idolatry in which business account books are worshipped
and cows receive special adoration as incarnations of the goddess
Lakshmi23 is blasphemy
and pantheism, the heresy condemned by Blessed Pius IX, that teaches
God is one with the universe, falsehood with truth, evil with good.24
It is disingenuous for Abp. Marini to allege that the Hindu Diwali
is a “non-sectarian feast of lights to celebrate life and thank
God [which one?] for all his blessings and the righteousness of
his dealings with human beings.”25
the Canon of the Mass, at the Doxology, with the Holy Father
holding aloft the Sacred Species — i.e., with Jesus present on the
altar — a triple arati ritual was performed by young ladies
(Marini) or seven nuns (The Tribune).26
This involved a pushpa arati, the waving of a tray of flowers
with a burning light in the centre, and the showering of flower
petals; dhupa arati, the homage of incense; and deepa
arati, the homage of light, waving of camphor fire, and the
ringing of bells, accompanied by a Hindu Tamil hymn.27
the purifying cycle of reincarnations needed until one becomes divine.
Hindus believe the ringing of the bell produces the “auspicious
sound” OM, “the universal name of the Lord.”28
OM is also the supreme Hindu god Krishna and it has sexual and black
magic meanings. In 1980, Wladislaw Cardinal Rubin, Lourdusamy’s
predecessor as Prefect of the Congregation for Oriental Churches,
forbade the use of OM in Christian worship because it is “an essential,
integral part of Hindu worship.”29
So OM was slid into the papal Mass, disguised as bells!
lighting and arati rituals were also done at the beatification Mass
of Mother Teresa. (The meaning of arati will be explained
shortly.) Cardinal Lourdusamy, chief architect of Hinduizing the
Church in India, was a co-celebrant with Pope John Paul at the Hinduized
Mass of Beatification. Although taking place in Rome, not India,
it was inculturated following another rule of Abp. Marini. Monsignor
Michael Wren, a commentator on the Knights of Columbus-funded EWTN
broadcast of the ceremonies, said Marini “has explained that there
is an attempt to incorporate cultural expressions from the nations
from which new saints or blessed come.” The matter-of-fact patter
of Monsignor Wren and co-host Raymond Arroyo added a surreal air
to the broadcast as they seemed anaesthetized, unable even to express
surprise at the obvious novelties. Their nonchalance helped tranquillize
viewers into accepting paganism as a nice cultural touch. The mark
of a Modernist is his love of novelty. In his condemnation of Modernism,
Pope St. Pius X exclaimed, “Far, far from the clergy be the love
of novelty! God hateth the proud and the obstinate mind.”30
Abomination of Desolation
After the Kyrie
of the Mass and the beatification, a Hindu puja (worship)
ceremony commenced. Puja has varying steps, but always includes
the welcoming of the deity and offerings of gifts of flowers, incense
and lighted lamps to it, accompanied by prostrations and bows. Worship
with these gifts is demanded by the gods, for their gratification
and the prosperity of the offerer, in the classical Hindu epic poem,
The temple lamp is lit wick after wick, following the placement
of flowers at the foot of the idol. As explained above, lamp lighting
denotes the worship of light and the beginning of a Hindu
ceremony; it is also fire worship, fire being a god. The type, colour
and scent of the flowers chosen are particular to each deity. To
appease angry deities, especially females, gifts include the blood
and flesh of sacrificed animals. The puja is also part of
the worship of a guru, saint or honored guest, “as representative
of the deity.” The ceremony ends with an arati.32
puja followed this pattern! There was a procession of “gifts”
of flowers, candles in clay lamps, lit glass lamps, and a large
framed heart icon and ampoule containing the blood of Mother
Teresa. This reliquary was placed on a small table near the altar.
(Monsignor Wren “believed” the blood “was extracted at the exhumation
of the body.” This was either sloppy reporting or deliberate disinformation
as it was well known that the body was not exhumed.) With deep bows,
sari-clad women did a deepa arati with the clay lamps to
the altar area, crowd and reliquary, accompanied by Indian chanting
and drumming. Young girls laid blue and white flowers (signifying
the colours of Mother’s habit?) at the foot of the icon on the table,
and other people placed the glass lamps, one by one, on the lamp
stand in front of it. A Hindu might be forgiven for thinking Mother
Teresa — or her blood — was worshipped, perhaps in solidarity with
those Hindus who consider her a goddess, and even equivalent to
the bloodthirsty goddess Kali, who also embodies compassion.33
found what he termed the “gifts ceremony” “extremely moving,” and
the chants “a very, very special treat for all of us.” He did not
name the recipient of the gifts or explain why they were needed.
The gifts ceremony is Point 10 of Lourdusamy’s Twelve Points
for Hinduizing the Mass.34
Now, in the
most solemn part of the Mass, the Canon, the faithful contemplate
Jesus crucified. In the Tridentine Mass, the prayers are recited
silently by the priest in memory of the awful hours during which
Jesus hung on the cross, bearing in silence the scoffs and blasphemies
of the Jews.35 But,
as in Delhi, just before the Our Father in the Beatification Mass,
Jesus had to endure a blasphemous Hindu ritual.
clerics held aloft the consecrated Host and Wine (i.e., Jesus Himself),
after the Great Amen, a troupe of middle-aged-to-elderly women,
dressed in saris the colours of the Indian flag, sashayed along
the foot of the altar to the beat of a hokey tune. They held metal
trays covered with flowers. Some trays had flames in the middle,
others had incense sticks. Monsignor Wren (or Arroyo?) announced
a “special liturgical rite, arati, according to the Indian
cultural custom.” (Zenit News later reported that arati is
an “Indian rite of adoration and reverence and intimacy with God,
used in solemn Masses.”36)
was jolted by the abrasive discordant wails of a Tamil chant and
Indian instruments as the women went to work. The trays with flames
were held aloft and circled around clockwise, flowers and petals
were strewn (deepa and pushpa arati), and the incense
sticks were offered up (dhupa arati). Viewers were told the
chant was, “Lord, we adore you with light, we adore you with incense,
we adore you with flowers.” Enthusiastic clapping and cheering greeted
this “entertainment” that disguised a Hindu ritual.
above, adoration with flowers, incense and light is demanded by
the Hindu gods. Arati is defined as a temple ritual in which
a fire on a plate is waved in front of a deity in a clockwise direction.37
We have already seen that light is worshipped as the Supreme Lord
of inner consciousness. The one who burns the arati becomes
divine and escapes the purifying cycle of reincarnation.38
The clockwise direction symbolizes one’s divinity, worshipped in
the exterior idol.39
Now, an early-nineteenth
century French Missionary, Abbé Dubois, who spent thirty years in
south India, wrote a highly-acclaimed book, Hindu Manners, Customs
and Ceremonies. Like Sts. Thomas and Francis Xavier, he discovered
no seeds of the Word (i.e., Christ) hidden in Hinduism; rather,
he found that Hindus “appear to have surpassed all the other nations
... in the unconscionable depravity with which so many of their
religious rites are impregnated.” Regarding Hindu music, he said,
“Every note of the Hindu scale has a mark characteristic of some
divinity, and includes several hidden meanings....”40
he reported, is performed only by married women (which might explain
the mature age of the women during the Canon) and courtesans (dancing
girls and prostitutes of the temples).41
the most important Hindu ritual, performed during almost all ceremonies.
Arati, meaning misfortune or pain, is also worshipped as
the goddess Arathi, to appease her anger. The invocations are to
her.42 The ritual
is done “to please the deity with bright lights and colours and
also to counteract the evil eye.” It is thus also performed in public
or private on idols, important people, children, new property, crops,
animals and anything valuable, to prevent harm from the evil eye.
The plate takes on the power of the deity and itself becomes an
Christ, True God, need protection from the evil eye? Or did the
arati symbolize that Jesus is not the true living God, but
a mythological idol on par with Hindu deities? Or was the ceremony
done to protect the Pope and his concelebrants? In the Hinduized
Mass in India, the celebrant is greeted with arati (Point
10).44 But in Hinduism
itself, women never perform the arati on a priest inside the sanctum
sanctorum. It is considered an abomination. Women are
not allowed near the sacred precincts of the temple altar.45
arati is Point 12 of the Twelve Points.46
Therefore, it is misleading to claim that arati is an Indian
way of worship. Indian Catholics never did arati or puja.
These ceremonies were imposed on them in 1969. Now, 34 years
later, the world is conned into believing arati is a solemn
rite they have always used on special occasions.
P. M. van der Ploeg, OP, Doctor of Sacred Theology and Sacred Scripture,
said the Hinduized Mass is a “syncretistic liturgical blend” that
“will break the Church’s unity. In this way, a new sect will
be born: a Hindu-Christian one, and it remains to be seen whether
this will be predominantly Christian or Hindu.”47Catholicism
mixed with Hinduism is pantheism, not Catholicism. Therefore, was
the syncretic ceremony a valid beatification?
Our first parents
also worshipped the light of forbidden “inner” knowledge in order
to become divine. All idolatry is worship of Satan. Jesus died on
the Cross to redeem mankind from the damnation deserved by such
an abominable sin. In Delhi and in Rome, whilst hanging on the Cross,
He was once again subjected to man’s worshipping the light of knowledge,
proclaiming his divinity. Could the worship of Lucifer blended into
a papal Mass constitute the “abomination unto desolation” of the
The late Valerian
Cardinal Gracias of Bombay stated that Hindu pujas and mantras
are “alien” to Catholic ceremonies. “In adopting forms of expression
alien to our Liturgy,” he asked, “have they made sure of the specific
Hindu ideology underlining those forms?” Another Indian bishop bluntly
declared, “People who Indianize ... are out to destroy the Catholic
In 1988 Kulanday
present mad craze to paganise [sic] the Faith is ... given
up, the 21st century will only see a hybrid form of Christianity,
hardly alive but suffocated and perishing. God forbid that such
a catastrophe should happen. But happen it will unless the Holy
See realises [sic] the danger and acts firmly and quickly.”50
he did not live to see a Hinduized Papal Mass of Beatification,
which gave a papal imprimatur to the abomination that will surely
spread worldwide. As Archbishop Marini notes, “The liturgy of the
pope has always been imitated.... the papal liturgy has always been
a point of reference for the entire church.”51
The goal of
syncretism is the universal brotherhood of the Luciferian Masonic
New World Order. One of the intentions of the Prayers of the Faithful,
at the Offertory of the Beatification Mass, was: “Lord, ... [f]avor
a universal brotherhood, the promotion of ... cultures, dialogue
among religions. We pray to the Lord.”
Rev. 2d ed., San Thome, Madras, 1988.
Mediator Dei Christian Worship, 1947, no. 62. The Pope condemned
the “deliberate introduction of new liturgical customs” in the same
Pius VI, Auctorem Fidei, 1794, cited in Denziger: The
Sources of Catholic Dogma (St. Louis, MO: B. Herder Book Co.,
1957), no. 1566. See also nos. 1533 (Pius VI) and 956 (Council of
Trent); Mediator, ibid.
Kulanday, pp. 16-21, 23, 37-38, 66. The experts quoted by Kulanday
asserted that permission should have been given by the Congregation
of Rites, not the Consilium, which was only a consultative body
without legislative power.
from India,” sathyadeepam.org, 24 November 2003.
Ibid., pp. 156-73; back cover.
Ibid., p. 237.
Father Stephen Bevans, SVD, “Twenty-Five Years of Inculturation
in Asia: The Federation of Asian Bishops’ Conferences, 1970-1995,”
FABC Paper No. 78, Part II, ucanews.com, 22 November 2003. Christ’s
Gospel was spread through evangelization; so the allegation that
seeds of the Gospel were planted prior to evangelization is a reformulation
of the heresy that Christ has always been present, but hidden, in
in the Synod Hall,” Third General Congregation, 21 April 1998, zenit.org.
John L. Allen, Jr., “The Papal Liturgist,” nationalcatholicreporter.org,
20 June 2003.
Crista Kramer von Reisswitz, “The Perfectionist,” April 1998, p.
La Civiltà Cattolica interview, cited in Sandro Magister,
“New Liturgies. Bishop Piero Marini Doesn’t Like TV,” www. chiesa.espressonline.it,
29 November 2003.
Ibid.; “Pope’s Chief Liturgist Defends Use of Dance in Papal Masses,”
catholicnews.com, 16 October 2003.
When was there dancing in churches? It would seem these first three
sentences were inserted to be used in the future by inculturators.
Notitiae, June-July 1975, p. 202, trans. Clementine Lenta,
Liturgical Directives (Duluth, MN: Nina Publications, 1984),
Cf. Allen, ibid.
Defends Conversions in India,” (BBC), uga.edu/bahai/News, 7 November
1999; Pamela Constable, “Pope’s India Visit Ends on Note of Unity”
(Washington Post), ibid., 8 November 1999.
Smeeta Mishra Pandey & Sunetra Choudhury, “ Pope Prays for Peace
as Piety Takes Centrestage,” indianexpress.com, 7 November 1999;
“Indian Elements in Holy Mass,” tribuneindia.com, 2 November 1999;
Constable, ibid.; Bishop Piero Marini, “Pastoral Visit of His Holiness
Pope John Paul II to New Delhi,” search.vatican.va, 5 November 1999.
About Hindu Rituals,” saranam.com, 15 November 2003; “Deepavali,”
hinduism.co.za, 22 November 2003.
Defends Conversions.” The number 5 has significance in Hinduism.
Explanations of Diwali were obtained on 22 November 2003 from: “Deepavali,”
ibid.; “About Diwali,” diwali.indiangiftsportal.com; “History of
Diwali,” indiaexpress.com; Sakshi, “Diwali — A Festival of Lights,”
issuesmag.com; “Diwali,” www.3kumc.edu.
Syllabus of Errors, 1864, no. 1.
Ibid.; “Indian Elements in Holy Mass.”
Marini, ibid.; Pandey and Choudury, ibid.; “Indian Elements.”
hindutrac.org.au, 14 November 2003; “All About Hindu Rituals.”
Abbé J. A. Dubois, Hindu Manners, Customs and Ceremonies,
3d ed., trans. Henry K. Beauchamp (Oxford: Oxford University Press,
1906), pp. 533, 616-17; Kulanday, pp. 68-72.
Pascendi On the Doctrines of the Modernists, 1907, no. 49.
— Incense — Lamps,” hinduism.co.za, 14 November 2003.
Ibid.; “All About Hindu Rituals”; Kulanday, pp. 33, 36, 75, 163;
Dubois, pp. 147-48; Benjamin Walker,
Hindu World: An Encyclopedic Survey of Hinduism, 2 vols.,
(London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd., 1968), 2:608- 9; “Puja” and
“Flowers,” gurjari.net, 14 November 2003.
Paul McKenna, “Mother Teresa was an Ecumenical Catalyst,” The
Catholic Register (Toronto), 8 December 1997, p. 5; “News of
Women,” The Globe and Mail (Toronto), 18 August 1997, p.
Kulanday, pp. 22-23, 32-33, 86.
Father Michael Müller, CSSR, The Blessed Eucharist, Our Greatest
Treasure (Baltimore: Kelley & Piet, 1868; reprint ed., Rockford,
IL: Tan Books and Publishers, Inc., 1973), p. 320.
Beatifies Mother Teresa in Front of 300,000,” 19 October 2003.
Potpourri,” kamat.org, and “Arati,” anekant.org, 14 November 2003.
About Hindu Rituals.”
Dubois, pp. 288, 589.
Ibid., pp. 148-49, 584-86. This is why dancing is not done by respectable
Hindu women (p. 586).
Ibid., p. 149; Kulanday, pp. 32-33, 35-36, 164. Hindus worship everything
that is useful or hurtful, whether animate, inanimate or abstract:
cf. Dubois, p. 548.
Dubois, pp. 148-49, 584-88; Walker, p. 609; “Arati,” gurjari.net,
14 November 2003.
Kulanday, pp. 22-23.
Ibid., pp. 34-35, 168, 170.
Ibid., p. 23.
Ibid., pp. 80, 89.
Cf. Dan. 12:11: “... the continual sacrifice shall be taken away,
and the abomination unto desolation shall be set up....” The interpretation
in the traditional Haydock Commentary on the Douay-Rheims
Bible is: “... the abolishing of the Mass as much as possible,
and the practice of heresy and abomination, unto the end of antichrist’s
persecution....” The commentary on Dan. 11:31 points to idolatry
in the temple of Jerusalem as the abomination. That on Matt. 24:15
says Antichrist and his precursors will attempt to abolish the Sacrifice
of the Mass.
Kulanday, pp. 179-80, 222.
Ibid., p. 143.
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