Fr. Leonard Goffine's
The Church's Year
SUNDAY AFTER EPIPHANY
Introit of the Mass as on the preceding
O God, who knowest
us to be set in the midst of so great perils, that because of the
frailty of our nature we cannot stand; grant to us health of mind
and body, that those things which we suffer for our sins, we may
by Thy aid overcome. Through the same Jesus Christ, our Lord &c.
(Romans XIII. 8-10.) Brethren, owe no man anything,
but to love one another; for he that loveth his neighbor hath fulfilled
the law. For thou shaft not commit adultery; thou shaft not kill;
thou shaft not steal; thou shaft not bear false witness; thou shaft
not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is comprised
in this word: Thou shaft love thy neighbor as thyself. The love
of our neighbor worketh no evil. Love, therefore, is the fulfilling
of the law.
is meant by St Paul's words: He that loveth his neighbor, hath fulfilled
in reference to these words says: that he who loves his neighbor,
fulfils as well the precepts of the first as of the second tablet
of the law. The reason is, that the love of our neighbor contains
and presupposes the love of God as its fountain and foundation.
The neighbor must be loved on account of God; for the neighbor cannot
be loved with true love, if we do not first love God. On this account,
the holy Evangelist St. John in his old age, always gave the exhortation:
Little children, love one another. And when asked why, he answered:
Because it is the command of the Lord, and it is enough to fulfill
it. Therefore in this love of the neighbor which comes from the
love of God and is contained in it, consists the fulfillment of
the whole law. (Matt. XXII. 40.)
(Matt. VIII 23-27) At that time, when Jesus entered into the boat,
his disciples followed him. And behold, a great tempest arose in
the sea, so that the boat was covered with waves; but he was asleep.
And they came to him and awaked him, saying: Lord, save us, we perish.
And Jesus saith to them Why are ye fearful, O ye of little faith?
Then rising up, he commanded the winds and the sea, and there came
a great calm. But the men wondered, saying: What manner of man is
this, for the winds and the sea obey him?
did Christ sleep in the boat?
To test the
faith and confidence of His disciples; to exercise them in enduring
the persecutions which they were afterwards to endure; to teach
us that we should not waver in the storms of temptations. St. Augustine
writes: "Christ slept, and because of the danger the disciples
were confused. Why? Because Christ slept. In like manner thy heart
becomes confused, thy ship unquiet, when the waves of temptation
break over it. Why? Because thy faith sleeps. Then thou shouldst
awaken Christ in thy heart; then thy faith should be awakened, thy
conscience quieted, thy ship calmed."
did Christ reproach His disciples when they awaked Him and asked
Because of their
little faith and trust; for if they firmly believed Him to be true
God, they would necessarily believe He could aid them sleeping as
well as waking.
Nothing so displeases
God as to doubt His powerful assistance. Cursed be the man that
trusteth in man, and maketh flesh (mortal man) his arm (aid), and
whose heart departeth from the Lord. Blessed be the man that trusteth
in the Lord, and the Lord shall be his confidence. (Jerem. XVII.
5. 7.) God sometimes permits storms to assail us, such as poverty,
persecution, sickness, so that we may have occasion to put our confidence
in Him alone. Of this St. Bernard very beautifully says: "When
the world rages, when the wicked become furious, when the flesh
turns against the spirit, I will hope in Him. Who ever trusted in
Him, and was put to shame?" We should therefore trust in God
only, and take refuge to Him, invoking Him as did the disciples:
Lord, save us, we perish; or cry out with David: Arise, why sleepest
thou, O Lord? Arise, and cast us not off to the end. (Ps. XLIII.
did Jesus stand up and command the sea to be still?
To show His
readiness to aid us, and His omnipotence to which all things are
subject. His disciples who saw this miracle, wondered and said:
What manner of man is this, for the winds and the sea obey Him?
We see daily
in all creatures the wonders of the Omnipotence, the wisdom, and
the goodness of God, and yet we are not touched; we continue cold
and indifferent. The reason is, that we look upon all with the eyes
of the body and not with the eyes of the soul; that is, we do not
seek to ascend by meditation to the Creator, and to judge from the
manifold beauty and usefulness of created things the goodness and
the wisdom of God. The saints rejoiced in all the works of the Lord;
a flower, a little worm of the earth would move the heart of St.
Francis of Sales, and St. Francis the Seraph, to wonderment and
to the love of God; they ascended, as on a ladder, from the contemplation
of creatures to Him who gives to every thing life, motion, and existence.
If we were to follow their example, we would certainly love God
more, and more ardently desire Him; if we do not, we live like irrational
men, we who were created only to know and to love God.
Grant us, O good Jesus! in all our needs, a great confidence in
Thy divine assistance, and do not allow us to become faint-hearted;
let Thy assistance come to us in the many dangers to which we are
exposed; command the turbulent winds and waves of persecution to
be still, and give peace and calmness to Thy Church, which Thou
hast redeemed with Thy precious blood, that we may serve Thee in
sanctity and justice, and arrive safely at the desired haven of
eternal happiness. Amen.
THE PROVIDENCE OF GOD
he was asleep. (Matt VIII. 24.)
It is an article
of faith in the holy Catholic Church that God has not only created
the world, but that He sustains and governs it; this preservation
and ruling of the whole world and of each individual creature is
called Providence. There are people who think that God is too great
a Lord to busy Himself about the care of this world, that to do
so is beneath His majesty; it was enough for Him to create the world,
for the rest, He leaves it to itself or to fate, enjoys His own
happiness, and, as it were, sleeps in regard to us. Thus think some,
but only the ignorant and impious. Were He as these imagine Him,
He would not or could not have aught to do with creation. If He
could not, then He is neither all-wise nor almighty, if He would
not, then He is not good; and if He knows nothing of the world,
then He is not omniscient.
If we once believe
that God created the world, (and what rational man can doubt it?)
then we must also believe He rules and sustains it. Can any work
of art, however well constructed and arranged, subsist without some
one to take charge of and watch aver the same? Would not the greatest
of all master-pieces, the world, therefore come to the greatest
confusion and fall back into its original nothingness, if God, who
created it from nothing, did not take care of its further order
and existence? It is indeed true that the method of Divine Providence
with which God controls all things is so mysterious that, when considering
some events, one is persuaded to admit a necessary fate, an accident,
the course of nature, the ill will of the devil or man, as the fundamental
cause. Yet in all this the providence of God is not denied, for
nothing does or can happen accidentally, not the smallest thing
occurs without the knowledge, permission, or direction of God. Not
one sparrow shall fall on the ground without your Father. But the
very hairs of your head are all numbered. (Matt. X. 29. 30.) Chance,
fate, and luck are but the ideas of insane or wicked men, which
even the more rational heathens have rejected, and the course of
nature is but the constant, uninterrupted, all-wise and bountiful
preservation and government of creation through God. The perverted
will of men or of the devil is but the instrument which God in His
all-wise intention, uses to effect the good, for He knows how to
produce good from evil, and, therefore, as St. Augustine says, "permits
the evil that the good may not be left undone." If we peruse
the history of our first parents, of Abraham, of Joseph in Egypt,
of Moses, of the people of Israel, of Job, Ruth, David, Tobias,
Esther, Judith and others, we will easily see everywhere the plainest
signs of the wisest Providence, the best and most careful, absolute
power, by virtue of which God knows how to direct all things according
to His desire, and for the good of His chosen ones. The gospel of
this day furnishes us an instance of this? Why did Christ go into
the boat? Why did a storm arise? Why was He asleep? Did all this
occur by accident? No, it came about designedly by the ordinance
of Christ that His omnipotence might be seen, and the faith and
confidence of His disciples be strengthened.
Thus it is certain
that God foresees, directs, and governs all; as Scripture, reason,
and daily experience prove. Would we but pay more attention to many
events of our lives, we would certainly notice the providence of
God, and give ourselves up to His guidance and dispensations. The
Lord ruleth me, and I shall want nothing, says David. (Ps. XXII.
1.) And we also, we shall want nothing if we resign ourselves to
God's will, and are contented with His dispensations in our regard;
while, on the contrary, if we oppose His will, we shall fall into
misfortune and error. God must rule over us with goodness, or with
sternness, He is no slumbering God. Behold! He shall neither slumber
nor sleep, that keepeth Israel. (Ps. CXX. 4.)