God really exist?
ancient times, Humanity has considered the problem of knowing
whether a superior being exists. Atheism answers in
the negative, the different religions answer in the affirmative,
which is it truly?
do we notice in the reality which surrounds us?
the help of our external senses, it is easy for us to note
the existence of a universe composed of the most diverse things:
mineral, vegetal, animal, etc. Every science has an
object specific to itself; astronomy studies the stars, botany
studies the plants, zoology examines the animals, medicine
tries to care for human beings, psychology seeks to explain
mental phenomena, etc. Thanks to each of these sciences,
one can easily reach the conclusion that everywhere laws exist
which govern the whole universe: a stone once thrown cannot
but finally fall; a kind of plant gives naturally the same
kind of flower. Of course we do not know all these laws,
the scholars and researchers spend all their strength and
all their time to discover them. The scientists however
note that a certain number of things exist which, repeated
regularly, normally produce such and such a result.
Everything has a precise place, a special function, an exact
objective. Take for example the case of the human body;
the heart makes the blood circulate, the legs cause it to
move, the eye allows it to see. Without being a doctor,
it is easy for us to establish that our body is an organised
whole. Nature offers a multitude of examples of the
same sort, the entire universe is filled with examples of
organisation and precision. Everywhere one can find
fine, delicate, complex mechanisms, and these concealed in
the tiniest parts of plants, animals and human beings.
is the origin of the order of the universe?
looking at a car or a computer it would never occur to us
that it was an ignorant person who had put them in working
order. Only men of the standard of Peugeot or Apple
engineers could invent or manufacture such things. Even
the making of a dress requires the existence of a dressmaker,
more or less well trained.
story of Father Christmas, which one tells to children to
explain to them why they receive presents on the 25th of December,
cannot be of long duration. A time will come when the
small child will want to know where did such a thing come
from, who made it, what rules did it follow, etc. The
entire universe from the planets to the insects, makes us
put the same question: where does it come from?
Who made it? Only a supreme intelligence could explain the
order of the world. Because the more a thing is complex
the more it requires the existence of a qualified and capable
inventor. As the human being, on its own, could not
concern the whole universe; he cannot even understand, at
one go, the whole of its mechanisms. From this flows
the necessity of admitting the existence of a supreme intelligence
to explain the order of the world. Voltaire called it
the great Watch-maker, Catholics call it God.
Objection: Evolution and
chance are sufficient to explain the order of the universe.
According to this opinion, life appears and
perfects itself through an infinite number of favourable circumstances,
thanks to a combination of blind forces, but which would coordinate
and harmonize themselves to produce in the happiest way the
precise movements of the planets or the beings which make
up the world would, for example, be produced without a preconceived
plan or order. Now it seems paradoxical that chance
should be explanatory when it is a sign of disorder: try to
explain to a visitor in the Boeing factory that the aeroplanes
are built by chance, without the well thought out and organised
intervention of innumerable engineers and qualified workers!
It would be impossible; nobody would believe such a fairytale.
In one word, it would be order achieved through incoherence,
contradiction installed everywhere. Now, the universe
is composed of mechanisms, all as precise as aeroplanes and
this to a clearly greater scale. Moreover, before the
creating of the order of the universe, the most infinitesimal
of the elements of which it is composed, has its own internal
laws proper to itself and which could not exist without the
prior intervention of an intelligent organiser: to produce
a seed or an embryo is no less marvellous than to produce
a tree or a human being. The explanation attempted by
evolution or chance is not even yet broached.
objection: Instead of admitting
an intelligence outside of the universe, why not assume an
in-dwelling intelligence, spread through all its parts, permitting
it to construct itself and to direct itself all alone, and
make its own way.
It is true that one can accept that the Divine
Intelligence lives in the world in some sort of way by making
it function, but It remains distinct from its work.
It would be in fact false to accept the existence of a divinity
called "Life" which would be an integral part of the whole
universe while at the same time having conceived it and ruling
it. The study of the natural mechanisms has not proven
that human reason itself would be capable of controlling,
in a well thought out way, the totality of the organisms of
the human body themselves: the heart cannot take personal
precaution against a heart attack nor the stomach against
an ulcer. The existence of a superior, distinct and
exterior intelligence is therefore the only acceptable answer.
objection: You acknowledge an order in the Universe, but does
it really exist when one sees so many biological monsters,
cataclysms and misfortunes?
These evils simply indicate the limitations
of an order which is, none the less, real and which must be
explained, because one cannot speak of disorders except by
reference to an order. For example, a person is sick
only in relation to the normal state which is health; shadows
in a picture are only such in relation to the zones of light.
The failing, illness and death are no snags in the laws of
nature but, on the contrary, the regular functioning of these
laws. A living being does not survive except by feeding
itself i.e. by dissolving certain substances in order to incorporate
them into itself; it destroys incessantly so as to build;
that is its nature, its order, its law. To try to imagine
an animal which lives without eating away some plant or without
killing one of its kind is an idle fancy. This uninterrupted
movement (cycle of assimilation and of disassimilation) is
life itself. To stop it would quite simply stop life
in the world.
short, the universe was not designed by its creator as an
immobile dead system but like a group of forces always in
conflict, the good emerging from the evil. God could
intervene miraculously to stop certain unfortunate effects
but it would suspend the natural order by removing all activity
and spontaneity: to save the grass from the tooth of the lamb
is to favour the grass at the expense of the lamb. Every
change has thus two forces, it is at the same time production
and destruction, the advantage of one is the damage of the
Thus, these objections do not remove anything from the well
formed thesis of an Intelligence organising the world.
Analysed apart from the current preconceived scientific opinions,
one discovers immediately that they are filled with difficulties
and contain contradictions. Only one hypothesis can
be developed with coherence and clarity: it is that which
seeks the explanation of the universe above and beyond it,
in a Supreme Spirit. To adopt it makes us therefore
true to logic and to reason.