LEFEBVRE and the
July 1, 1988
Note that the decree from Rome regarding the episcopal consecrations
is not the sentence of a judge, but rather a declaration that
Canons 1364 and 1382 (of the 1983 Code of Canon Law) apply. It
does not add to the motives brought forth in these Canons. Thus,
if these motives do not apply in the present case because of the
necessity in which the modernists have put the Church, then this
decree is insufficient to make these Canons apply, since it does
not remove the state of necessity.
Monsignor Marcel Lefebvre, Archbishop-Bishop Emeritus of Tulle,
notwithstanding the formal canonical warning of June 17 last and
the repeated appeals to desist from his intention, has performed
a schismatical act by the episcopal consecration of four priests,
without pontifical mandate and contrary to the will of the Supreme
Pontiff, and has therefore incurred the penalty envisaged by Canon
1364 §1, and Canon 1382 of the Code of Canon Law.
Having taken account of all the juridical effects, I declare that
the above mentioned Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, and Bernard Fellay,
Bernard Tissier de Mallerais, Richard Williamson, and Alfonso de
Galarreta have incurred ipso facto excommunication latæ sententiæ
reserved to the Apostolic See.
Moreover, I declare that Archbishop Antonio de Castro Mayer, Bishop
Emeritus of Campos, since he took part directly in the liturgical
celebration as co-consecrator and adhered publicly to the schismatical
act, has incurred excommunication latæ sententiæ as
envisaged by Canon 1364 §1.
The priests and faithful are warned not to support the schism of
Archbishop Lefebvre, otherwise they shall incur ipso facto the very
grave penalty of excommunication.
From the Office of the Congregation for Bishops, July 1, 1988.
Bernardinus Card. Gantin
Prefect of the Congregation for Bishops
Courtesy of the Angelus
Press, Regina Coeli House
2918 Tracy Avenue, Kansas City, MO 64109